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Hair Loss: Causes and Cures

Hair loss affects millions of people around the world, causing psychological distress and a decrease in self-confidence. Understanding the causes, treatment options, and prevention methods can help individuals suffering from hair loss make informed decisions about their hair restoration journey. In this article, we will delve into the world of hair loss, exploring its root causes, available treatment options, and effective preventive measures.

The Causes of Hair Loss

Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia, also known as male or female pattern baldness, is the most common cause of hair loss. It is characterized by a gradual thinning of the hair, usually starting at the hairline or crown. Hormonal factors, genetic predisposition, and aging contribute to the development of androgenetic alopecia.

Telogen Effluvium

Telogen effluvium is a condition in which excessive shedding of hair occurs due to a disruption in the normal hair growth cycle. Triggering factors include stress, hormonal changes, nutritional deficiencies, medications, and illness. Telogen effluvium is usually temporary and resolves once the underlying cause is addressed.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder that causes patchy hair loss. The immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, leading to hair loss on the scalp, face, and other areas of the body. The exact cause of alopecia areata is unknown, but genetics and environmental factors are believed to play a role.

Medical Conditions and Treatments

Various medical conditions and treatments can cause hair loss. These include thyroid disorders, scalp infections, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and certain medications such as antidepressants and blood thinners. Hair loss associated with medical conditions and treatments can be temporary or permanent depending on the underlying cause.

Hair Loss Treatment Options

Hair Transplantation

Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure that involves relocating healthy hair follicles from a donor area to a recipient area experiencing hair loss. This procedure allows for the restoration of natural hair growth, improving both the density and thickness of the hair.

At Vera Clinic, our team of skilled surgeons and technicians specializes in various hair transplant techniques, including Sapphire FUE and Direct Hair Implantation (DHI), to provide our patients with optimal results. These techniques ensure minimal scarring, accelerated recovery, and natural-looking outcomes.

Sapphire FUE Technique

Sapphire FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) builds upon the traditional FUE technique by employing sapphire blades for the incisions. Instead of steel or metal instruments, these blades are made from pure sapphire crystal, which is incredibly smooth and offers exceptional precision during the extraction process.

Advantages of Sapphire FUE Technique

Enhanced precision: The smooth surface of sapphire blades allows for finer and more precise incisions, resulting in a higher density and more natural-looking hairline. This precision also minimizes the risk of damage to the surrounding hair follicles.
Reduced trauma and scarring: The smoothness of sapphire blades contributes to minimal trauma during the extraction process. This leads to faster healing and less visible scarring, making Sapphire FUE an ideal option for patients who prefer short hairstyles or want to keep their hair at a shorter length post-transplant.
Decreased risk of infection: The use of sapphire blades in Sapphire FUE reduces the risk of infection due to their exceptional smoothness. This smoothness prevents micro-abrasions on the scalp, reducing the likelihood of bacteria or pathogens entering the incision sites.
Quicker recovery time: The reduced trauma and minimally invasive nature of Sapphire FUE translate to a faster recovery period. Patients can typically resume their regular activities within a shorter time frame compared to traditional FUE techniques.

Direct Hair Implantation (DHI) Technique

DHI is an advanced hair transplant technique that combines the benefits of FUE with the direct implantation of grafts into the recipient area. With the DHI technique, each hair follicle is individually inserted into a specific angle and depth, mimicking the natural growth pattern of the hair.

Advantages of the DHI Technique

High density: The DHI technique allows for a higher density of transplanted hair follicles compared to other methods. This enables more comprehensive coverage and a fuller, more natural-looking result.
Precise placement: The DHI technique offers precise control over the placement of each graft, ensuring an optimal and aesthetically pleasing outcome.
Improved survival rate: The direct implantation process minimizes the time spent outside the body for the hair follicles, enhancing their survival rate and increasing the likelihood of successful hair growth.


Medications such as minoxidil (Rogaine) and finasteride (Propecia) are commonly used for the treatment of hair loss. Minoxidil is available over the counter and may promote hair growth and slow down hair loss. Finasteride is a prescription drug that inhibits the conversion of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a hormone that contributes to hair loss in individuals with androgenetic alopecia.

Laser Therapy

Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a non-invasive treatment option that uses red light wavelengths to stimulate hair growth. It works by increasing blood flow to the hair follicles, promoting nutrient delivery, and improving cellular activity. LLLT can be administered at home using handheld devices or at specialized clinics.

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy

PRP therapy involves injecting the patient’s own platelet-rich plasma into the scalp. Platelets contain growth factors that stimulate hair follicle regeneration and promote hair growth. PRP therapy is a safe and effective treatment option for individuals with mild to moderate hair loss.

Preventive Measures Against Hair Loss

Maintain a Healthy Diet

Eating a well-balanced diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and proteins is crucial for maintaining healthy hair. Include foods such as leafy greens, fish, nuts, and eggs in your diet to ensure adequate nutrition for your hair follicles.

Don’t Overstyle or Overprocess Your Hair

Excessive heat styling, chemical treatments, and tight hairstyles can damage hair follicles and lead to hair breakage and loss. Avoid using hot tools regularly and opt for protective hairstyles that don’t put too much stress on the hair.

Manage Stress Levels

Stress can contribute to hair loss by disrupting the normal hair growth cycle. Implement stress management techniques such as regular exercise, meditation, and getting enough sleep to minimize the impact of stress on your hair.

Be Gentle with Your Hair

Handle your hair gently when washing, brushing, and drying. Use a wide-toothed comb or a brush with soft bristles to avoid pulling and damaging the hair. Avoid vigorous towel drying and let your hair air dry whenever possible.

Protect Your Hair from the Sun

Excessive sun exposure can damage the hair shaft and weaken the hair follicles. Protect your hair by wearing a hat or using products with UV protection when spending long hours outdoors.


Hair loss is a common concern that affects people of all ages and genders. Understanding the underlying causes, available treatment options, and preventive measures is essential for effectively managing hair loss and promoting hair growth. From medications and surgical interventions like hair transplantation to non-invasive treatments like laser therapy and PRP therapy, numerous solutions are available to address hair loss. Incorporating healthy habits such as maintaining a nutritious diet, managing stress, and adopting gentle hair care practices can also contribute to healthy hair and prevent further hair loss. Remember to consult with a qualified healthcare professional or a specialized hair restoration specialist to determine the most suitable treatment plan for your individual needs. With proper care and attention, you can take control of your hair loss journey and restore your confidence along the way.