Alopecia or hair loss is a broad term for many types of conditions. There are many causes and different treatments. Alopecia can be temporary, or permanent. It can happen all over the body, or only the scalp. Below we will discuss some of the most common causes of hair loss. As well as the best treatment plans for them
The Different Types Of Alopecia And Their Causes
1- Hereditary Hair Loss
Androgenic alopecia is the most common type of hair loss. It occurs in both men and women. Although in women it has less severe effects.
Hair loss happens because the follicular units are become hypersensitive to male hormones. This is a matter of genetics. In other words, you inherit the sensitivity from your parents. When hair follicles are sensitive to male hormones, they start shrinking until they close.
In women some of the common causes of androgenic alopecia is PCOS.
To Treat androgenic alopecia in women, doctors typically prescribe anti-androgen pills. Or hair growth stimulants. Minoxidil is also a common treatment. But the above is for hair loss that is not permanent. Once your hair loss becomes permanent consider hair transplants.
Whereas in men, minoxidil 5% is a common hair loss solution. The treatment has its side effects and do not always work. Consider the above options if your hair loss is only beginning. Once hair loss becomes permanent the only option is hair transplantation.
2- Alopecia Areata
This type of hair loss occurs in patches and results from an autoimmune disorder. Autoimmunity refers to a phenomenon where the body’s own defense systems attack its own cells. No one knows what triggers this condition or whether it will affect the scalp.
But the hair loss is not always permanent. And in most cases, once you get your condition under control, you can naturally regain your hair. But other times, possibly due to extended periods of illness, hair loss can be permanent.
The underlying cause can be any of the following:
- Thyroid disease
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Ulcerative colitis
There is no particular treatment plan for alopecia areata. You have to speak with a professional to first control your autoimmune disease. Then you may start considering the options.
If your hair loss is not permanent, it will grow back. But you can give it a health boost with treatments like PRP therapy. If your hair loss is permanent, your only option would be a hair transplant.
3- Alopecia Totalis and Alopecia Universalis
Alopecia totalis refers to total hair loss in the scalp.
This can be a type of andorgenic alopecia. Some people can inherit an entire head of androgen sensitive follicles.
Likewise, alopecia areata can be a cause of this type of hair loss. Where the body attacks all the follicular units on the scalp, resulting in full baldness.
Alopecia Universalis, on the other hand, refers to hair loss all over the body. This is linked to alopecia areata, where the immune system fights not just scalp hair, but body hair as well.
For temporary alopecia totalis, treating the underlying cause is enough. But for permanent hair loss, the options are tight.
4 – Traumatic Alopecia
Known among the public as scarring hair loss.
This category of alopecia refers to hair loss that is due to skin trauma. Depending on the degree of the injury and its depth, the accident can lead to permanent hair loss.
If the damage was deep enough, the follicular units in the area can be harmed beyond repair. The only effective and successful treatment for this class of hair loss is hair transplant. For less severe accidents, growth-stimulating products or treatments will do.
5- Traction Alopecia
This type of hair loss includes hair loss incidents due to styling or products. Specifically, harmful styling that requires heating and pulling.
At times, and as a result of repeated habits, hair loss can be permanent. But, you have options that can help you reverse it. To treat permanent traction alopecia, you should consider hair transplants. For temporary cases, consider PRP treatment or similar options. This will help give your hair the boost it needs to grow. Also, allow it to rest and keep it light with styling.