Hair transplants have sky-rocketed in popularity to be the most sought-after cosmetic procedure for men. The natural-looking scar-free results of hair transplants with cutting-edge techniques are all contributing factors to the exponentially increasing demand for the procedure. However, little is known about the history of hair transplants and how they started.
History of hair transplants
The first-ever hair transplant endeavor took place in the 19th century. A man named Menahem Hodara, in an attempt to reverse hair loss from a disease known as favus in 1987extracted a band of tissue from the scalp and relocated it to target areas.
Later in 1930, the beginnings of modern hair transplant techniques were under research in Japan. The Japanese initially invented hair transplants to treat body hairs like eyebrows and lashes instead of treating baldness. Unfortunately, the efforts of the Japanese did not receive worldwide recognition and were soon eclipsed until the second world war, and its consequences ended.
American dermatologist Norman Orentriech then recreated the Japanese experiment in the 1950s. Unlike the Japanese, the purpose of the American experiment was to reverse baldness. Prior to the beginning of the research, speculations that upon relocation, follicular units may not adapt and survive in their new locations arose. Norman, however, stood his grounds and argued that the follicular units are donor dominant, meaning they would continue to thrive in their new position just as well they did in their original location.
The success of Norman’s experience, drove scientists to focus their efforts on advancing the extraction phase in hair transplants. Instead of excising bands of tissue, the alternative was to extract individual grafts. Through the ages, the extraction phase upgraded from the plug, to strip, and the size of the removed strip kept on gradually shrinking until in the end follicular unit extraction was invented.
The advantages of follicular unit extraction (FUE)
Follicular unit extraction revolutionized the hair transplant field for its natural-looking scare-free results. Unlike FUT, FUE extracts grafts individually with the use of a micro-sized punch that isolates the grafts to prepare them for extraction. Owing to its minimally invasive graft harvesting phase, the technique does not create visible scars or cause nerve damage in the area.
With FUT, the harvesting of grafts involves the excision of a band of skin from the scalp and later dissecting it to obtain follicular units. The method of collection in FUT requires stitching, which heals into a visible linear scar that limits the patient’s choice of hairstyles in the future. In addition, the depth of the band of tissue causes nerve damage than in some cases could be permanent.
Hair transplants have begun in the late 19th century and continued to evolve ever since. From plugs to FUT, and finally FUE; the field of hair transplants are yielding natural-looking scar-free results.
If you would like to know more about hair transplants, contact Vera Clinic. Vera Clinic is a center specialized in hair transplants that offer free consultation sessions with medical specialist solely for educational purposes.