Hair loss is hard to deal with as it is, particularly for females with androgenic alopecia and alopecia areata who do not make for suitable candidates for hair transplant who are on the verge of accepting their fate and the emotional distress that comes with it. This article is to all the patients that fit the description, PRP hair loss treatment is thankfully making a change in the field of hair loss. Discussed below, you will find everything you want to know about PRP hair treatment for hair loss from the cellular mechanism to physiological changes.
What is PRP ?
PRP refers to platelet-rich plasma, a biochemical treatment that is slowly dominating the scene in various medical fields. PRP first surfaced as a treatment to speed the recovery of joints and tendons after injuries or surgeries. Since then, its potential began gradually appearing through studies and researches. The secret to its success and versatility is a healing extract obtained from your own blood. After extracting your blood and incorporating some science, the extract is then re-injected back into your body in target areas. For one, the use of your own cells for remedy eliminates the risk of an immune attack. Secondly, platelet-rich plasma contains a powerful secret ingredient that is the backbone of its success: Growth factors.
Growth factors are proteins that stimulate cell growth, proliferation, and division by binding to specific receptors found on the membrane of cells. These cellular functions translate to quicker healing rates of tissues and increased production of collagen in aging cells. Since PRP is a depository of a generous diversity of growth factors, its applications are versatile. Skin rejuvenation, healing tendons and muscles, and hair growth.
The process is relatively simple; technicians will first draw blood from your arm the standard way. Your blood will then be placed in a centrifuge (a machine that spins at unearthly rates to separate particles according to size), to separate platelet-rich plasma from the rest of the blood components. Following this, PRP is extracted and injected into target areas.
What is PRP hair treatment?
As we explained above, PRP contains a reservoir of growth factors which stimulate various development related functions in numerous cells. PRP happens to hold all four essential Growth Factors for hair growth.
- Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)
- Epidermal growth factor (EGF)
- Insuline-like growth factor (IGF)
- Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
How do each of the growth factors affect hair growth?
Platelet-derived growth factor
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) has a role in forming blood vessels that supply follicular units to maintain their viability. In addition, PDGF induces the anagen (active growth) phase in hair growth and extends its period.
Insulin-like growth factor
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) affects the cells in multiple aspects. First and foremost, IGF maintains the anagen (active growth) phase in the hair growth cycle. Moreover, it increases the expression of another growth factor called the platelet-derived growth factor.
Epidermal growth factor
Epidermal growth factors promote functions as a switch that turns on as the anagen phase initiates and turns off as it ends. In other words, the epidermal growth factor regulates the anagen phase of the hair. With the presence of EGF, the anagen phase lasts longer, with its absence the growth phase is shorter.
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
Vascular endothelial growth factor has the most drastic effect on hair loss. It is a significant factor in mediating hair follicle growth and cycle. Decreased production in VEGF leads to hair loss. In one experiment, the blockage of VEGF leads to the complete inhibition of hair growth.
The physiological roles of these growth factors include diminished hair loss, hair regrowth, increased blood flow to the scalp, and an over-all healthy looking hair.
How does PRP hair treatment stop hair loss?
According to a study published in 2017, the most significant growth factors in hair growth are VEGF and PDGF. The data results in the study indicate that both men and women with androgenic alopecia (male pattern baldness) had significantly lower levels of VEGF in contrast with healthy men and women. Since it has the most far-reaching effect on hair growth and its cycle, in its absence hair loss is guaranteed.
In PRP hair treatment, VEGF is an active element of its composition which will be injected into the scalp initiating growth.
How effective is PRP hair treatment
PRP is generally safe and effective. However, it could be more effective in certain people over others. The dividing factor here is the number of platelets and the concentration and variety of growth factors in the plasma that varies from one person to another. As a general rule, PRP hair treatment is successful, but the degree of efficiency can vary from one person to another.
Who is PRP hair treatment for
PRP has a more broad array of applications when it comes to alopecia than hair transplants.
However, no matter how successful or versatile a treatment is, it has its limitations. Except in PRP, they are much smaller than alternative therapies.
PRP hair treatment is effective in women with female pattern baldness who are not fit candidates for hair transplants. Studies show that treatment significantly increases hair loss in women with androgenic alopecia.
Men, with androgenic alopecia, may or may not gain much from PRP. The deciding factor here is areas of hair loss. If men have small areas of hair loss, or if the hair loss has just initiated PRP can make a big difference in combating baldness and triggering regrowth. However, if the hair loss is advanced, the only solution is hair transplantation that can be coupled with PRP sessions for optimal results.
Men and Women with weak quality hair growth due to the application of heat or genetics. Men and women with alopecia Areata, can finally treat their hair loss where other treatments failed.
You should be in good health, not suffering from blood or liver disorders, diabetes, and skin problems.
Discuss PRP therapy with your physician or dermatologist to get an accurate answer for your special case, or contact us for a free virtual conusltation session with a medical specialist. .
Alternative treatments to PRP
Minoxidil is a shampoo that needs to be taken daily to prevent hair loss from androgenic alopecia alone. The shampoo bottle costs around $70 and is sufficient for one month only. So, the average yearly cost would be around $840.
In addition to being high maintenance and pricey, Minoxidil has adverse side effects such as increased body hair, fatigue, and dizziness
Finasteride is taken orally every 24 hours. This treatment is also long-term and can only treat androgenic alopecia. Thirty pills per month will cost you $60, which over a year will mount up to $720.
On top of it being long-term and costly, its side effects include erectile dysfunction in men, tenderness in the breast, and dizziness.
Since PRP uses your own cells and is a non-surgical treatment, side effects are not existent, and neither is the pain.
How many PRP treatments are necessary for hair loss?
The effects of a PRP treatment course extends for an entire year. However, one treatment course maybe 1 to 8 sessions depending on your case and area of hair loss.
PRP hair treatment cost
PRP hair treatment in Turkey can cost anywhere between 100 to 250 dollars per session. You might need anywhere between 1 to 8 sessions for optimal results depending on how advanced ypur bald areas are. In average, most patients eed between 3 to 4 sessions per year.
Unlike other hair loss treatments, PRP therapy is not just for androgenic alopecia, but for various other types of alopecia including alopecia areata. The treatments proved successful in numerous experiments and free of risks. Since it uses your own plasma to trigger hair growth, there are now associated reactions that come with the treatment.
If you have any questions, please contact us for a free virtual online consultation session with a medical specialist, who would be more than pleased to address your concerns.