Among all the innovations of medicine in the era of the avant-garde, throughout the vicissitudes of time since the beginning of humanity, and despite the constant demeanor of despair contrived towards hair loss; a perpetual treatment is yet quivering on the horizon. Although a magical remedial concoction for the chrome domes hasn’t been crafted, the medical progress towards more efficient techniques has been a successful objective to attain. Hair implants have proved immense excellence in the treatment of a wide variety of alopecia conditions on various locations on the body, and the promises for the future are exponentially rising.
What are hair implants?
Hair implants also referred to as hair implantation, are a minimally invasive surgical procedure with the incentive of restoring hair and reversing alopecia on various locations of the body. Most classes of alopecia are characterized by a motley selection of follicular units. In most cases, hair loss occurs in a patchy sporadic yet permanent pattern or in a predictable permanent pattern. The variations, the presence of two different characteristics in hair follicles, whether genetically predisposed as is the case in androgenic alopecia, or whether induced by trauma, is the loophole through which alopecia can be reversed.
For instance, in androgenic alopecia hair loss occurs in a predictable pattern, where the hairline could possibly recede all the way back to the neck. As is the case with genetic factors, the degree of baldness, the pattern of the receding hairline, varies from one person to the other. In a peculiar twist of fates, and despite the escaping baldness in a fortunate assembly of genetics, patients can acquire a mutual denouement through the unfortunate event of physical trauma. Trauma induced baldness in most cases impacts an isolated region in the scalp, sparing thereby the remaining follicular units which can later be utilized to restore hair growth in the affected region.
Thus far, it is implied in the above effusions that hair implants reverse baldness, despite the underlying cause, whether initiated by genetics, habits, and lifestyle, or trauma; through the extraction of follicular units and implanting them in the designated locations.
Are hair implants permanent?
To answer whether hair implants are permanent or not, we have to look further back on the procedure. The follicular units targeted for implantation have to be healthy, stable, and unthreatened by hair loss; those traits, unless influenced by intentional or accidental exposure to exterior factors, are permanent. By extension, therefore, the results of hair implants are permanent.
The procedure of hair implants
Although the techniques vary, there is one standard protocol of events by which all hair implants abide. The differences vary in the method by which the foundation steps of the procedure are practiced and the equipment utilized.
The procedure begins with a surgeon drawing the potential hairline for the patient. During hairline design, patients may negotiate the hairline design with their surgeon, until both parties are satisfied and consent to the drawn-on hairline the procedure begins. Next comes the application of local anesthetic in both the donor regions and the recipient sites. Patients have the flexibility to choose between traditional injection methods of anesthetics or needle-free injection. Vera Clinic provides both options for the convenience of its patients.
Following the application of local anesthetic comes the graft harvesting phase. Hair loss resistant follicular units are extracted from areas of hair growth and transplanted to areas of hair loss. Since hair-loss resistance is an inherited property, the transplanted grafts continue to generate hair growth in previously deserted areas. The grafts are immediately preserved in a Hypothermosol solution to protect them from denaturation and contamination. To successfully implant the extracted follicular units incisions should be made on the recipient site which will later be a niche for the newly located follicular units. With implantation, the process of hair implants comes to an end.
The different techniques of hair implants
The techniques of hair implantation are divided into two categories: Primary methods and variants of the primary methods.
Primary methods of hair implants
♠ Follicular unit transplantation (FUT)
Follicular unit transplantation is the most conventional technique of hair implants. The technique follows an impractical method of graft harvesting. An entire strip from the scalp has to be excised from donor regions in order to obtain follicular units. The technique of graft extraction poses a risk of nerve damage in the target area. Moreover, the wound heals into a visible linear scar that limits the patient’s choice of hairstyle in the future.
♠ Follicular unit extraction (FUE)
Follicular unit extraction is a method of hair restoration that is an enhancement on the extraction phase in follicular unit transplantation. Instead of excising a strip of skin, FUE has an individual graft extraction approach. A micro punch creates micro incisions around individual follicular units to isolate them. Later forceps extract the isolated grafts and places them in Hypothermosol solution. The technique of graft harvesting in follicular unit extraction is a lot more efficient and practical, where the results are scar-free with no risk of nerve damage.
Variants of the primary methods
♠ Sapphire FUE
Sapphire FUE is a variant of the FUE technique where the extraction phase is enhanced. Blades made of the sapphire stone are used to create incisions on the recipient sites. Owing to its exquisite properties the stone allows for more incisions to be made per session that are closer to one another. Consequently, the results are denser and natural-looking than either FUT or standard FUE.
Contact Vera Clinic
Contact Vera Clinic if you have any inquiries regarding hair implants.